Head injuries are common among people involved in car accidents, slip-and-fall incidents and acts of violence committed by another. Web MD notes that these types of injuries can cause a variety of problems, from permanent disability to death if they go untreated.
There are nearly as many types of head injuries as there are causes, and learning about their signs and symptoms may help individuals recognize when they may need to seek medical attention.
Sudden trauma to the head can cause intracranial bleeding, which occurs beneath the skull and forms blood clots in the brain, usually in the area where the blow occurred. Hematomas are not always immediately evident but can cause strokes when they go unnoticed. They may also occur almost anywhere in the brain.
Concussions usually occur when the body experiences a sudden or rough jarring and the brain strikes the inside of the skull. For this reason, concussions happen frequently to car accident victims because of the suddenness of the cars’ impact. Concussions feature several symptoms, including:
- Blurred vision
- Slurred or confused speech
The symptoms of a concussion usually vary with their severity.
A skull fracture is usually a serious type of head injury that may cause the same symptoms as a concussion, only with more severity. A sudden blow to the head, such as during a fall, can cause this type of traumatic brain injury. If pieces of the skull become embedded in the brain, this may result in serious bleeding and long-term injury.
Some head injuries are not easy to spot and may not present symptoms until hours or even days after an accident. Those who experienced any kind of head trauma may want to seek medical attention despite a lack of immediate evidence of a traumatic brain injury.